Stroke

Sho Osawa, Tatsuya Shimizu, Tadashige Kano, Ryosuke Shintoku, Hiroya Fujimaki, Ken Asakura November 8, 2018

Background: Patients with intracerebral hemorrhage taking anticoagulants are increasingly common in Japan due to the aging population. The clinical benefit of restarting anticoagulants is established, but the optimal timing of resumption is controversial. Risk factors for hemorrhagic and cardioembolic events in the acute phase are also unknown.… Read More...

Rajeev Kumar Garg, Bichun Ouyang, Vishal Pandya, Raquel Garcia-Cano, Ivan Da Silva, Deborah Hall, Sayona John, Thomas Pritchett Bleck, Max Berkelhammer November 8, 2018

Intracerebral hemorrhage has been associated with changes in various weather conditions. The primary aim of this study was to examine the collective influence of temperature, barometric pressure, and dew point temperature on the incidence of primary spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (sICH).

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Angelica G Thompson-Butel, Christine T Shiner, John McGhee, Benjamin John Bailey, Pascal Bou-Haidar, Michael McCorriston, Steven G Faux November 8, 2018

Background: Education is essential to promote prevention of recurrent stroke and maximize rehabilitation; however, current techniques are limited and many patients remain dissatisfied. Virtual reality (VR) may provide an alternative way of conveying complex information through a more universal language. Aim: To develop and conduct preliminary assessments on the use of a guided and personalized 3D visualization education session via VR, for stroke survivors and primary caregivers.… Read More...

Judith H. Lichtman, Erica C. Leifheit, Yun Wang, Larry B. Goldstein November 8, 2018

Background: Developing quality metrics to assess hospital-level care and outcomes is increasingly popular in the United States. The U.S. News & World Report ranking of “America’s Best Hospitals” is an existing, popular hospital-profiling system, but it is unknown whether top-ranked hospitals in their report have better outcomes according to other hospital quality metrics such as the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) publicly reported 30-day stroke measures.… Read More...

Hong Wang, Yifan cheng, Siyan Chen, Xianmei Li, Zhenguo Zhu, Wanli Zhang November 8, 2018

Background: The association between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and clinical outcomes of acute ischemic stroke is uncertain. We aimed to evaluate the association between initial hemoglobin A1c level and clinical outcome after acute ischemic stroke.Methods: A total of 408 patients with first-ever acute ischemic stroke were included in this study.… Read More...

Tetsuhiro Kamo, Haruto Uchino, Hisayasu Saito, Daina Kashiwazaki, Naoki Akioka, Naoya Kuwayama, Satoshi Kuroda November 7, 2018

Background: There are a variety of collateral routes to compensate persistent cerebral ischemia in moyamoya disease. However, there is no report presenting the persistent primitive olfactory artery (POA) as a spontaneous collateral route to the anterior cerebral artery (ACA) in moyamoya disease.… Read More...

Zeljko Zivanovic, Marina Gubi, Dmitar Vlahovic, Marija Milicevic, Mirjana Jovicevic, Aleksandra Lucic, Svetlana Ruzicka-Kaloci, Biljana Radovanovic, Tamara Rabi Zikic, Marija Zarkov, Nemanja Popovic, Petar Slankamenac November 7, 2018

Introduction: Usefulness of intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute lacunar cerebral infarction is questionable. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravenous thrombolysis in patients with lacunar infarction in comparison with patients with nonlacunar infarction as well as with patients with lacunar infarction who were not treated with intravenous thrombolysis.… Read More...

Angela M. Auriat, Jennifer K. Ferris, Sue Peters, Joel Ramirez, Sandra E. Black, Claudia Jacova, Lara A. Boyd November 6, 2018

In addition to overt stroke lesions, co-occurring covert lesions, including white matter hyperintensities (WMH) and covert lacunar infarcts (CLI), contribute to poststroke outcome. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between covert lesions, and motor and cognitive outcomes in individuals with chronic stroke.… Read More...

Hiroyuki Kawano, Yuko Honda, Tatsuo Amano, Haruko Okano, Rieko Suzuki, Masataka Torii, Yoshiko Unno, Yoshiaki Shiokawa, Teruyuki Hirano November 6, 2018

Anticoagulation therapy, particularly subcutaneous heparin therapy, is recommended for cancer-associated thrombosis. However, not starting or discontinuing anticoagulation was not rare. The aim of the present study was to examine the practical issues related to anticoagulation therapy and effects of subcutaneous heparin therapy for cancer-associated stroke.… Read More...

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